Cilantro (Coriandrum sativum) is an annual herb that closely resembles parsley and is in the same family of plants, Apiaceae which includes carrots, celery, lovage, dill, fennel, chervil, cumin, parsnips and caraway. This pungent herb is native of southern Europe and is commonly known as Coriander, Cilantro, or Chinese Parsley.
Cilantro herb is very low in calories and contains no cholesterol. Its deep-green leaves possess good amounts of antioxidants, essential oils, vitamins, and dietary fiber, which help reduce LDL or “bad cholesterol” while rising HDL or “good cholesterol” levels.
Its leaves and seeds contain many essential volatile oils such as borneol, linalool, cineole, cymene, terpineol, dipentene, phellandrene, pinene, and terpinolene.
Cilantro leaves have only 23 calories/100 g, but their phyto-nutrients profile is no less than any of the super foods!
This humble backyard herb provides (% of RDA/100g):
15% of folates,
11% of vitamin B-6 (pyridoxine),
45% of vitamin C,
225% of vitamin A,
258% of vitamin K,
22% of iron and
18% of manganese.
- Winter Crop